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Fischerhude history

Before the Christian era, Fischerhude was a consolidated landing stage on an oak wooded sand dune at the Wuemme river, used as transshipment for goods to and from Bremen eastwards up to Hamburg area. That time this place was called Widagheshude. It was first mentioned documentarily in year 1124 by Pope Calixtus II, imposing road toll there for the monastery in Rastede on behalf of the archdiocese Cologne. In addition, Bishop Giselbert of Bremen determined in 1288, that all transportation on the Wuemme river was allowed to Widagheshude people only.
Around 1290, after sending colonists by the Knight of Ritterhude, the place Widagheshude was renamed in Fischerhude, obviously because of the great fish fortune especially on eels.
From 1195 up to Reformation in 1567, in Fischerhude also was a self-supporting hermitage of Carmelite monks from Cologne, and a chapel which became enlarged and consecrated as suffragan church later.
In addition to the transportation monopoly and the fishing fortune, Fischerhude farmers had lush pastures in the surrounding river country and productive hay harvests accordingly; they used the nearby Teufelsmoor for taking heating-peat and the fringes of that moor for growing rye and wheat.
In the subsequent centuries, Fischerhude became a very prosperous village; its farmers remained hard-working and thrifty, God-fearing, and faithful to the Lutheran belief.
In the end of the 19th Century, artists moved to Fischerhude, and the place became known as the village of tolerant farmers and open-minded artists.
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